The Nine Provinces
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The nine provinces created in
terms of the Constitution brought about a new sphere of
government. The position of provincial government and local
government, which is recognised as a separate sphere of
government, is entrenched in the Constitution.
In accordance with the
Constitution, each of the nine provinces has its own legislature
consisting of between 30 and 80 members. The number of members
must be determined in terms of a formula set out in national
legislation. They are elected in terms of proportional
representation. The Executive Council of a province consists of
a Premier and a number of members. The Premier is elected by the
Decisions are taken by consensus,
as happens in the national Cabinet. Besides being able to make
provincial laws, a Provincial Legislature may adopt a
constitution for its province if two thirds of its members
agree. However, a provincial constitution must correspond with
the national Constitution as confirmed by the CC.
According to the Constitution, provinces may have legislative and executive powers over, inter
casinos, racing, gambling and
education at all levels,
excluding university and technikon education
provincial public media
regional planning and
road traffic regulation
trade and industrial promotion
urban and rural development
These powers can be exercised
subject to the extent that provinces have the administrative
capacity to assume effective responsibilities.